The hip joint is a larger ball-and-socket joint that is stable yet allows for fluid motion. It is also the second largest weight bearing joint (after the knee joint) that is surrounded by strong ligaments and muscles.
Common causes of hip pain:
- Arthritis which is joint inflammation and the most common type is osteoarthritis (joint degeneration). The increased inflammation in the joint affects the surrounding muscles, ligaments and tendons leading to pain and stiffness. Normal ‘wear and tear’ on this joint can put more stress through the joint and break down the cartilage.
- Bursitis is the inflammation of the bursae usually due to repetitive activities that overwork or irritate the hip joint. The bursae protect the tendons from the bony structures and the increased friction between them leads to the irritation.
- Labral tear the labrum acts like a rubber seal or gasket to help hold the ball of the femur securely within the hip socket and is vulnerable to tearing due to repetitive twisting and abnormal biomechanics.
Pilates and Physical Therapy can help balance out the mobility of the hip joint with proper strengthening of the surrounding muscles. The result is better stability and alignment to avoid further injury, wear and tear and especially joint replacement surgery.